Another list by Webometrics Ranking of Asian Universities.
Another list by Webometrics Ranking of Asian Universities.
According to a study done by Webometrics and a ranking of South-East Asian universities, these are the top universities in Thailand:
It’s only one school short of 10! This is the order in which the schools appear in the rankings.
If you’ve ever considered attending University in Thailand, whether you are already living in Thailand or have family in Thailand, or are simply looking for an opportunity to study and travel, there are plenty of universities that may suit your needs. In fact, many universities have International Programs which means that the primary language of instruction is English. While tuition is usually higher for these programs and admissions are more selective because the programs are smaller, many students from all around the world choose to study at Thai universities, either to obtain a degree or as part of a study abroad or exchange program.
Copyright © 1995 – 2007 by Michael Viron. All Rights Reserved.
These are the ranking for the top 100 universities in the world according to the Times – QS ranking, which is done annually. QS stands for Quacquarelli Symonds, a leading global career and education network. QS helps foster international mobility and educational and career development. They have an excellent website which aims to link educators and employers to qualified candidates from all over the world.
|1||HARVARD University||United States|
|2=||University of CAMBRIDGE||United Kingdom|
|2=||YALE University||United States|
|2=||University of OXFORD||United Kingdom|
|5||Imperial College LONDON||United Kingdom|
|6||PRINCETON University||United States|
|7=||University of CHICAGO||United States|
|7=||CALIFORNIA Institute of Technology (Calt…||United States|
|9||UCL (University College LONDON)||United Kingdom|
|10||MASSACHUSETTS Institute of Technology (M…||United States|
|11||COLUMBIA University||United States|
|13||DUKE University||United States|
|14||University of PENNSYLVANIA||United States|
|15||JOHNS HOPKINS University||United States|
|16||AUSTRALIAN National University||Australia|
|17||University of TOKYO||Japan|
|18||University of HONG KONG||Hong Kong|
|19||STANFORD University||United States|
|20=||CARNEGIE MELLON University||United States|
|20=||CORNELL University||United States|
|22||University of California, BERKELEY||United States|
|23||University of EDINBURGH||United Kingdom|
|24||King’s College LONDON||United Kingdom|
|26||Ecole Normale Supérieure, PARIS||France|
|27||University of MELBOURNE||Australia|
|29||NORTHWESTERN University||United States|
|30||University of MANCHESTER||United Kingdom|
|31||The University of SYDNEY||Australia|
|32||BROWN University||United States|
|33=||National University of SINGAPORE||Singapore|
|33=||University of BRITISH COLUMBIA||Canada|
|33=||University of QUEENSLAND||Australia|
|37||University of BRISTOL||United Kingdom|
|38=||University of MICHIGAN||United States|
|38=||The CHINESE University of Hong Kong||Hong Kong|
|41||University of CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles (U…||United States|
|42||ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of T…||Switzerland|
|44||University of NEW SOUTH WALES||Australia|
|45||University of TORONTO||Canada|
|47||BOSTON University||United States|
|48||University of AMSTERDAM||Netherlands|
|49||NEW YORK University (NYU)||United States|
|50||The University of AUCKLAND||New Zealand|
|51=||SEOUL National University||Korea, South|
|51=||University of TEXAS at Austin||United States|
|53=||TRINITY College Dublin||Ireland|
|53=||HONG KONG University of Science & Techno…||Hong Kong|
|55=||University of WASHINGTON||United States|
|55=||University of WISCONSIN-Madison||United States|
|57||University of WARWICK||United Kingdom|
|58||University of CALIFORNIA, San Diego||United States|
|59||LONDON School of Economics and Political…||United Kingdom|
|61||Katholieke Universiteit LEUVEN||Belgium|
|62||University of ADELAIDE||Australia|
|63||DELFT University of Technology||Netherlands|
|64||University of WESTERN AUSTRALIA||Australia|
|65=||University of BIRMINGHAM||United Kingdom|
|65=||Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (…||Germany|
|67||Technische Universität MÜNCHEN||Germany|
|68||University of SHEFFIELD||United Kingdom|
|69||NANYANG Technological University||Singapore|
|70||University of NOTTINGHAM||United Kingdom|
|71=||DARTMOUTH College||United States|
|73||University of ILLINOIS||United States|
|74=||EMORY University||United States|
|74=||University of YORK||United Kingdom|
|76||University of ST ANDREWS||United Kingdom|
|77=||University of PITTSBURGH||United States|
|77=||PURDUE University||United States|
|79||University of MARYLAND||United States|
|80=||University of SOUTHAMPTON||United Kingdom|
|80=||University of LEEDS||United Kingdom|
|82||VANDERBILT University||United States|
|83||University of GLASGOW||United Kingdom|
|85=||CASE WESTERN RESERVE University||United States|
|85=||University of VIENNA||Austria|
|90=||TOKYO Institute of Technology||Japan|
|90=||PENNSYLVANIA STATE University||United States|
|92||RICE University||United States|
|93=||University of MONTREAL||Canada|
|93=||University of COPENHAGEN||Denmark|
|95||University of ROCHESTER||United States|
|96||University of CALIFORNIA, Davis||United States|
|97=||GEORGIA Institute of Technology||United States|
|97=||University of ALBERTA||Canada|
|99||CARDIFF University||United Kingdom|
|100||University of HELSINKI||Finland|
Source: THES – QS World University Rankings
© Quacquarelli Symonds 2004 – 2007
Used with permission from www.topuniversities.com
On a recent visit to Thonburi, we visited the market at Wat Bangnampung, or talad bangnampung. This market is built on concrete walkways along a canal and over a protected wetland area. The temple uses the market to stir tourists and attention to the conservation efforts to protect the wetlands, which is home to the popular fireflies. The area also offers homestays for those who want to see how the locals live and learn about the local agriculture.
The market itself offers tons of delicious food and deserts, many of which are hard to find in your average market. Here you’ll find noodles alongside the canal and you must sit barely a foot off the ground on a foot stool. In the canal, you can see families renting wooden boats and paddling them back and forth in the water for just 20 baht per hour.
Noodle shop along the canal.
One of the treats available at the market was fried ice cream. For 10 baht, you can have the ice cream flavor of your choice dipped in batter and fried. Finally, the fried ice cream is served in a styrofoam dish with a few toppings like sprinkles, nuts or jellies.
Ladna with pork and white vermicelli noodles.
Bangkok has an Indian Town, not far from its China Town, that is famous for Indian food, clothes, fabric, spices and other items from India. The Pahurat area is bounded by Pahurat Road, Chakraphet Road and Triphet Road, just west of Yaowarat, Bangkok’s China Town. Pahurat Road was built in 1898 and named after Somdet Chaofah Pahurat Maneemai, the son of King Rama V.
The Pahurat district is Bangkok’s Little India and center of the Indian community, who are mostly Sikh. This area is also the largest fabric market in Bangkok, so if you want to buy textiles, especially wholesale, this is the place to go. You can also find Indian jewellery, accessories, footwear, incense and even Indian movies. The market is busy and the aisles are small, so it does get crowded and people can get pushy. It appears that every nook and cranny is being used to do business. If you do get hot and tired of shopping, there are plenty of Indian foods that you can sample from street vendors and local restaurants.
You can get to Pahurt by taking a river express boat Tha Saphaan Phut, which is just to the northwest of Phra Phut Yot Fa (Memorial) Bridge. Once you get off the boat, it’s an easy walk to the market. The Thai Sikh community has a major temple, Siri Guru Singh Sabha close to the Pahurat area that is worth exploring.
Ingredients for sweet and sour pork including: bell peppers, onions, cucumbers, pork, green onions, and tomatoes.
The chef cutting up the vegetables for the dish. Flour on a plate and the uncooked pork is sliced into pieces.
The pieces of pork are coated with flour before being fried in oil.
Quickly friend green onions placed over pork.
Remaining vegetables cooked in sweet and sour sauce and mixed with pork.
Finished Sweet and Sour Pork.
The coastal town of Mahachai and the fishing port of Samut Songkhram are a short train ride from Bangkok, but you’ll feel like you are a world away. One unique feature of Mahachai’s train station is that it co-exists with the city’s fresh market as if they grew up intertwined with each other. In fact, the two historical hubs of Mahachai do in fact overlap to the point where the umbrella stands must be moved when the morning train rolls in. You can look for videos on utube.com which document this fascinating event. Another name for this market is talad lom hoop, or “closing umbrella market.”
One must arrive at the prefect time to see the market vendors quickly gathering their waves and moving their posessions out of the way of the train coming on the train tracks. Once the train has passed, the vendors returned to their previous positions as this is a daily routine for them. This is another fine example of how Thais like to cram together in small spaces and adapt to make the situation work. Let’s not consider the safety issues of the vendors, market goers and lots of miscellaneous stuff being so close to the train tracks as the train approaches.
Tuk-tuk driving out of the fish market.
We arrived in Mahachai around lunch time and had missed all the umbrella moving that day, but we did get to see the fresh market filled with newly caught saltwater fish, shellfish and freshwater fish. There were also plenty of squid, shrimp and prawn. I even caught glimpses of toads and turtles that some people do eat. We purchased some white sea bass and some fish I know only by their Thai names: “plaa krabok,” “plaa salit,” and “plaa lak krew.” Mostly we fried the fish and ate them with rice and a fish sauce, lemon and chili dipping sauce called “nam prik nam plaa.” But, my dad also used the “plaa krabok” to make a version of the popular tom yum soup. All of the fish was super fresh and none of the seafood that you can buy in Bangkok is quite as sweet or as cheap.
Plaa salit with eggs
Before we left the market, we got a recommendation for a local restaurant from a fish vendor. She said that the restaurant made good spicy dishes with an extreme taste. We wanted to eat some fresh seafood while we were in Samut Songkram and we enjoyed white sea bass steamed with lemon, three flavored fried battered shrimp and fried “plaa sai,” or sand fish. All of it was fresh and yummy, although the restaurant lacked good service.
A Thai kitchen would hardly be complete with a kroke or kitchen mortar. Today, as in the past, the krokeis a mainstay in the kitchen and is used regularly to pound curry pastes or dipping sauces. Mortars and pastels are an important part of Thai daily life as much as they were centuries ago.
Other Southeast Asian countries also use kitchen mortars and many of them bear striking resemblances to those used in Thailand. The stone mortars used in Bali, Indonesia are very similar to the ones used in Thailand. The Balinese mortars differ in that they are made from volcanic rock while Thai mortars are made of granite. The wooden mortars used in Burma are similar to those used in Cambodia and Northern Thailand. The ceramic mortars used in Thailand are identical to those used in Laos.
In the past, most Thai kitchens had mortars made from ceramic and had a wooden pestel. While they were relatively strong, the ceramic mortars would sometimes break under the constant pounded required to make curry paste. Stone mortars made of granite were more costly than their ceramic counterparts, but were preferable because they could withstand frequent poundings. The finer the grain of the granite used to make the mortar, the longer it would last.
Originally mortars in Issan and the North were made from wood because the material was common and inexpensive. These wooden mortars were often homemade and one household might have several different wooden mortars. Each wooden mortar would be used for different kinds of work, such as for salt or curry seasonings.
As stone mortars because less expensive and more common, household around the country started using them instead of the wooden mortars. Again, different mortars would be used for different kinds of work. In Issan, for example, there is a special mortar that is used for making som tam, Thailand’s signature papaya salad, since it requires a deep mortar.
Krokesthat have been used regularly for decades bear the wear of use, but these stone kitchen tools were designed for pounding. In fact, many women prefer the worn mortar and pastel that belonged to their mothers over new mortars because older mortars are worn-in and easier to work with. Our family has one from my grandfather that even made its way to America and is still used by my aunt while a newer mortar and pestle remains unused in five years.